Multi-Tiered System of Supports
Multi-Tiered Systems of Support (MTSS) is a term used to describe an evidence-based model of educating students that uses data and problem solving to integrate academic, behavior, and social emotional instruction and intervention to maximize the success of all students. Instruction and intervention is provided to students across multiple tiers of intensity based on need. Staff make data-based decisions in order for resources (e.g., time, staff, and evidence-based strategies) to reach the students at the appropriate levels to increase the performance of ALL students with the goal of achieving and/or exceeding proficiency (Self Assessment of MTSS).
MTSS offers a framework to ensure that school resources are matched to students’ needs and leverage the expertise and influence of teachers as first responders when students have difficulty meeting academic, social emotional learning or behavioral expectations.
Multi-tiered prevention system includes three tiers of intensity or prevention. The primary prevention tier includes high quality core instruction. The secondary tier includes evidence-based intervention(s) of moderate intensity. The tertiary prevention tier includes individualized intervention(s) of increased intensity for students who show minimal response to secondary prevention.
At all tiers, attention should be on fidelity of implementation, with consideration for cultural and linguistic responsiveness and recognition of student strengths.
MTSS includes a continuum (Tiers I, II and III) of integrated academic, social emotional and behavioral instructional and intervention supports that are evidence-based and culturally and linguistically responsive.
Screening is conducted three times a year to identify students who may be at risk for poor outcomes and need additional academic, social emotional or behavioral supports.
Progress monitoring uses valid and reliable tools and processes to assess performance, quantify improvement or responsiveness to intervention and instruction and evaluate the effectiveness of instruction, interventions and supports.
The curriculum serves as the foundation of an effective educational program. The curriculum reflects current research, as well a best practices and technological advancements within the disciplines and promotes congruence between written, taught and assessed content.
1. Problem Identification: Defining the Goals and Objectives to Be Attainted.
2. Problem Analysis: Identifying Possible Reasons Why the Desired Goals Are Not Being Attained.
3. Instruction/Intervention Delivery: Developing a Plan for and Implementing Evidence-based Strategies to Attain the Goals.
4. Monitoring/Evaluation: Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Plan.