Dyslexia Awareness Month - October
  • October is Dyslexia Awareness Month. PfISD is committed to ensuring every child has access to a quality education and the support they need.

    Currently, PFISD passionately serves 1489 students with Dyslexia. The Dyslexia Team consists of two Dyslexia Specialists, and our team of 54 Dyslexia Teachers, who are certified and hold advanced training in a multisensory, explicit, systematic, and intentional dyslexia program.

    What is Dyslexia? 

    Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.

    (Adopted by the International Dyslexia Association Board of Directors, November 12, 2002)

    What are the characteristics? 

    Students identified as having dyslexia typically experience primary difficulties in phonological awareness, including phonemic awareness and manipulation, single-word reading, reading fluency, and spelling. Consequences may include difficulties in reading comprehension and/or written expression. These difficulties in phonological awareness are unexpected for the student’s age and educational level and are not primarily the result of language difference factors. Additionally, there is often a family history of similar difficulties.

  • The reading/spelling characteristics are most often associated with the following:

    • Segmenting, blending, and manipulating sounds in words (phonemic awareness)
    • Learning the names of letters and their associated sounds
    • Holding information about sounds and words in memory (phonological memory)
    • Rapidly recalling the names of familiar objects, colors, or letters of the alphabet (rapid naming)
  • The following are the primary reading/spelling characteristics of dyslexia:

    • Difficulty reading words in isolation
    • Difficulty accurately decoding unfamiliar words
    • Difficulty with oral reading (slow, inaccurate, or labored without prosody)
    • Difficulty spelling

    It is more important to note that individuals demonstrate differences in degree of impairment and may not exhibit all the characteristics listed above.

  • Consequences of dyslexia may include the following:

     

    • Variable difficulty with aspects of reading comprehension
    • Variable difficulty with aspects of written language
    • Limited vocabulary growth due to reduced reading difficulties